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Politique étrangère Algérie- Zeghlami Laid (I/II)

Date de création: 28-02-2018 15:53
Dernière mise à jour: 28-02-2018 15:53
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© Laeed Zaghlami, 2017 (Extrait de “The Routledge Handbook of Soft Power”,Edited by Naren Chitty, Li Ji, Gary D. Rawnsley, Craig Hayden. EXTRAITS. Pour accéder à toute la communication, contacter lzaghlami@gmail.



When it comes to describing, explaining, analysing and assessing the role and contribution

of public diplomacy and soft power to Algeria’s foreign policy, it is necessary to

refer to the historical, political, economic and cultural contexts of the country in order

to gain a better understanding of their evolution. In fact, the basic values and principles

that continue to guide Algerian foreign policy have their roots in the revolution against

French colonial rule that began in 1830. A series of acts of insurrection, resistance, opposition,

uprising and riots boiled over in 1954 into popular revolution. The revolution

having been concluded by a cease- fi re on 19 March 1962, Algeria’s independence was

proclaimed on 5 July 1962. Algerians paid a high price in the blood of 1.5 million freedom

fi ghters and in psychological trauma. But, importantly, it has enabled the Algerian

people to reclaim their dignity, independence and pride after 132 years of colonization

and deprivation of freedom.

It is important to recall that the Algerian revolution had a worldwide impact, sympathizers

from all over the world expressing emotional, ideological and political admiration and

support for its freedom fi ghters. To cite but a few examples, history still remembers when,

in 1956, John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Zbigniew Brzezinski, then students, brandished an

Algerian fl ag on the streets of Vienna in clear support of the revolution. One year later,

an infl uential member of the Kennedy family publicly and unequivocally announced his

support for the independence of Algeria, an announcement which infuriated and angered

France that considered this to be direct interference in its internal affairs (Malek 1995 ).

The international support and solidarity that the Algerian revolution attracted gave

inspiration to revolutionaries in Spain and Portugal, who were fi ghting dictators; and

political movements in Africa, Asia and Latin America, that were struggling for independence

from European colonial powers. Later, it was the Portuguese president himself

who signed in Algiers the independence accord of former Portuguese colonies Angola,

Mozambique and Cap Verde.

Today integrity, respect for inviolability of frontiers and maintaining a good neighbourhood

are key principles of Algerian foreign policy and are at the core of Algeria’s political

and diplomatic actions. Secrecy and discretion have been the main characteristics of


Algerian diplomacy in the past and linger today (Malek 1995 ). Algeria strives to develop

a society based mainly on social justice, free access to education and democratic exercise

of political power. Internationally, Algeria has demonstrated full and unequivocal support

for liberation movements, defending the right of self- determination for countries still

fi ghting for independence and freedom. The country has launched a program of global

decolonization diplomacy led by supporters of liberation movements who are eager to

offer political and military support. South Africa, Zimbabwe, Sao Tomé and Principe

were some of the countries that benefi ted from Algerian civilian and military logistics. In

sum, Algiers became a revolutionary ‘Mecca’ for African leaders (Malek, 1995 )………



Autres têtes de chapitres

Public diplomacy concept in the Algerian context

Soft power concept in the Algerian context

Main principles and values

.Algeria’s nation and revolution branding

Algeria’s foreign policy under democratic transition

Algeria’s soft power potentialities